Engineering Entrance Exams: A Brief Outline
Engineering Entrance Exams have always been the hot choice for millions of higher secondary students, who dream to pursue attractive careers in Engineering. Most of the national as well as state level Engineering Entrance Tests like JEE (Main & Advanced), IIITs, NITs, CFTIs and for other Engineering Colleges of India, are held in the months of April / May / June for the academic year starting from July / August of the following year.
Usually, the syllabus of the entrance tests is based on the NCERT courses outline of class XI and XII. The motto of almost all the entrance tests is to assess the fundamental concepts of Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics, and their varied applications; but the questions being asked now a day are a bit tricky. However in some specific entrance tests, questions are also asked on Mental Ability Test (MAT), General English, Logical Reasoning and Drawing etc. Single test is conducted for most of the entrance tests; while for some specific exams, entrance tests are conducted in two-stages / two-days.
The Ministry of Human Resource & Development (MHRD), Govt. of India directed in 2013 to conduct combined entrance tests called Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) for all IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other State & IIT-JEE affiliated Engineering colleges in India.
The JEE has been divided into two phases: JEE (Main) – A common entrance test for admission to undergraduate degree programs in India's government as well as private Engineering / Science Institutions/ Colleges/ Universities, and the screening test for the IITs. JEE (Advanced) – This is conducted for the admission into the very coveted IITs after JEE (Main).
In 2015, State Governments voluntarily participating in the JEE for admission in the B. Tech / B.E. courses are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland and Odisha. The candidates seeking admission to the institutions in these states, which were earlier admitting based on their State Level Examination, are also advised to fill in the JEE (Main)-2015 application form online.
Pattern of some Entrance Exams:
JEE (Main): There are two papers in JEE (Main), Paper-1 for B. Tech and Paper-2 for B.Arch. Paper-1, B. Tech which contains 90 questions; 30 questions from each in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Each question carries 4 marks with a total 360 marks. There is ¼ negative marking, means 1 mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer. Duration of the paper is 3 hrs.
JEE (Advanced): There are two objective type papers i.e., Paper-1 & Paper-2 in this exam. Each paper contains 60 questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Each subject contains 20 questions. Each question carries 3 marks with a total 180 marks. There is also -1 negative marking in some sections of this paper. Duration of each paper is 3 hrs. Questions are varies from section to section.
VITEEE: In the Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam, there are 3 parts –Part-I: Physics, Part-II: Chemistry and Part-III: Mathematics/Biology. Each part contains 40 questions with equal weightage. The total number of questions is 120. Each question carries 1 mark with a total 120 marks. Duration is of 2.5 hrs.
BITS-Pilani: In BITSAT entrance test, there is one paper containing 4 parts. Physics in Part-I contains 40 questions; Chemistry in Part-II also contains 40 questions; Part-III contains two sub-sections: (a) English Proficiency-15 questions & (b) Logical Reasoning-10 questions and Mathematics/Biology in Part-IV contains 45 questions. Total no of questions is 150, each question carries 3 marks with a total 450 marks. There is also -1 negative marking. Duration is of 3 hrs.